Redirecting Metabolic Flux in E. Coli via Combinatorial CRISPRi-Mediated Repression for Isopentenol Production
Use CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) to knock down endogenous genes in competing pathways to redirect metabolic flux toward target metabolite.
- Designed a single-gRNA library with 15 individual knockdown targets, where 3 gRNA cassettes targeting genes asnA, prpE, and gldA increased isopentenol titer by 18% to 24%.
- Combined the three single-gRNA cassettes into a two- or three-gRNA array and observed up to 98% enhancement in production by fine-tuning the repression level through titrating dCas9 expression.
- Strategy shows that multiplex combinatorial knockdown of competing genes using CRISPRi can increase production of the target metabolite.
CRISPRi-mediated multiplex repression system to silence transcription of several endogenous genes to increase precursor availability in a heterologous isopentenol biosynthesis pathway.
Taek Soon Lee
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Tian, T. et al. “Redirecting metabolic flux via combinatorial multiplex CRISPRi-mediated repression for isopentenol production in Escherichia coli.” ACS Synthetic Biology 8(2), 391–402 (2019). [DOI:10.1021/acssynbio.8b00429]